Himachal Pradesh :: Glaciers in Himachal Pradesh
Himalayas have nearly 15,000 glaciers and it is one of the biggest navigator place under ice. It is approximated that about 34,000 sq. km., about 18 % of the Himalayas is always capped with ice. A normal Himalayan glacier has the potential of nearly an Eleventh of a cubic km. But to type a huge dam, even a normal glacier can offer enough water. And huge glaciers like Gangotri can even complete public dams Bhakhra dam the three times.
But there is not well known about the Himalayan glaciers. There is a very little information about the exact volume of water that is recieved by the Indian waterways in the form of rain, undergroung water, snow and water from the reducing of glaciers. Usualy glaciers start reducing in the monsoon time. So this system lend water to those areas or waterways where monsoon is shaky, thus control the balance very well. This system also lend many waterways a amazing boost in water level in monsoon time and causes floods. Glaciers are called ‘Shigri’ in local language. Some of the important glaciers are as under.
Important Glaciers in Himachal Pradesh :-
Bada Shigri :-
Bada Shigri is the biggest glacier in Himachal Pradesh. It is in the Chandra area of Lahaul and it nourishes the river Chenab. Bada Shigri glacier is more than 25 km. lengthy and about 3 km. extensive. It can be found on the center hills of the main Himalayan range.It is also assisted by many little tributary glaciers. It is enclosed by great hills from three factors. It is said that this glacier established Chandertal lake by resulting in a significant damage in Chadra area in 1936.
Bada Shigri glacier was overcome by all females mountaineers in 1956. It was further efficiently trekked by Stephenson in 1956. There are variety of popular glaciers in Chandra area in Lahaul. Some of them are Chhota Shigri ( indicates Small Glacier ), Kulti, Shpting, Pacha, Damage Karmo, Tapn, Gyephang, Bolunag, Shili and Shamundri. Gyephang is the main deity of Lahaul area and the Gyephang glacier is known as after him. It is complete of snowfall all the season. It is regarded as the Manimahesh of Lahaul.
Chandra Glacier Himachal Pradesh:-
It drops in the Lahaul – Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is situated on the hills of the main Himalaya. It has been divided from Bara Shigri glacier. This glacier purpose behind the development of Chandertal lake. Chandertal lake is enclosed by snows and miles of scree. This strong blue-water lake has a area of 2.5 km. It is also known as the ‘Lake of the moon’. It continues to be absolutely freezing during winter season. Chandertal pond is the resource of the stream Chandra.
Chandra Nahan Glacier Himachal Pradesh:-
It is placed on the South-Eastern inclines of the main Himalaya in the territory to the North-West of Rohru in Himachal Pradesh. Chandra Nahan Glacier is likewise helped by different little tributary glaciers. The proplar Chandra Nahan lake libel in it and it feeds the waterway Pabbar. Chandra Nahan lake is approachable just to experienced trekkers and nourished by an arrangement of springs. Chandra Nahan glacier is encompassed by high climbing crests. The rise of Chandra Nahan glacier is more than 6,000 meters.
Bhadal Glacier Himachal Pradesh :-
Bhadal glacier is situated on the South-Western hills of the Pir Panjal variety in the Bara Banghal place of Kangra district. It nourishes the river Bhadal. Bhadal stream increases from the snowy variety of the place relaxing between the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar varies. Bhadal river’s catchment is made up of U formed valleys, falls, moraines, cirques and massive mountains. This stream is one of the primary tributaries of the stream Ravi. The dimension Bhadal glacier instantly matures because of fast and large snow.